Difference Between Psychiatrists and Therapists
02 Jan 2023
Psychiatrists and therapists offer essential services for individuals struggling with mental health or substance use disorders. However, both professions focus on different areas, each with unique benefits that can help people heal. According to Mens Sana Monographs, "Clinical psychologists have extensive postgraduate training in mental health, psychological assessment, psychotherapy, and psychosocial interventions, and are often found working in similar settings and with the same kinds of patients . . . as psychiatrists." However, psychiatrists have medical training and tend to focus on diagnosing and treating mental health disorders using prescription medication and other methods. Samarpan provides psychiatric and psychological services.
What Is the Difference Between Psychologists and Psychiatrists?
The training for therapists and psychiatrists both involve mental health. However, the focus and duties of each profession differ significantly. According to Healthdirect Australia, "The main difference between the two is that a psychiatrist has trained as a medical doctor and can prescribe medication" and "A psychologist is not a medical doctor and can't prescribe medication."
Other noticeable differences between the two include the following:
- How they approach interventions and treatment
- The flexibility of treatment and services they offer
- Time spent actively treating the client
- The focus and goals of treatment sessions
Psychiatrists are more likely to determine recovery based on behaviours and decreased symptoms. On the other hand, psychologists use talk therapy and other methods to help clients establish healthy routines and develop the skills to manage their condition long-term.
Therapy aims to provide insight and guidance that will help clients improve their quality of life and self-awareness. According to the previously mentioned article by Mens Sana Monographs, "[P]sychiatrists are not always properly trained in psychological assessment and treatment." Often both professions must work closely together to provide the best possible outcome for the client. Psychiatry looks at mental health and behaviour, while psychology focuses on the mind and relationships between beliefs, thoughts, behaviours, and the environment.
The Limitations of Psychiatry
Psychiatry is severely limited when used alone to treat mental health disorders because psychiatrists approach disorders from a medical perspective. The treatments are often designed to address disordered behaviours instead of the underlying issues. Psychiatrists may not have the training to provide essential psychological support and skill development. These limitations can cause some clients to be considered recovered from their disorder when they stop exhibiting specific behaviours, even if there has been no change to their underlying thought patterns, living environment, or belief systems.
How Do Psychiatrists and Therapists Compliment One Another?
Psychiatry and psychotherapy complement each other. If used together, they ensure the care team can do the following:
- Diagnose the client
- Prescribe essential medication
- Educate the client on their mental health and what to expect from recovery
- Assist the client and their family in creating a healthier environment for long-term recovery
- Help the client connect specific thought patterns or beliefs with unwanted behaviours
- Monitor progress and make adjustments to therapy and medication as necessary
- Collaborate with the client to develop prevention strategies
- Provide referrals and support for continuing care
Together, both professions complement one another and provide a well-rounded treatment program for clients in recovery. Every care plan is tailored to the client's needs and ensures they have access to necessary support. Clients may require regular psychiatric assessments to track their progress depending on the condition being treated and the severity of symptoms.
What Can You Expect From Psychotherapy
Every case is unique. The versatile nature of psychotherapy allows clients to find what approach works best for them. Therapy sessions may involve the following:
- Mindfulness-based activities
- Relaxation exercises
- Discussions about various topics related to recovery
- Experiential activities
- Exposure therapy
- Treating trauma
Therapy provides a nonjudgmental space for healing and personal growth. Clients talk with their therapist about their thoughts, feelings, behaviours, and motivations.
Psychiatry and Therapy at Samarpan
At Samarpan, we offer both psychiatric support and therapy to help people in recovery heal and manage their condition. Psychiatrists generally do the assessments, diagnosis, and prescribe medication. Psychologists walk clients through identifying and processing maladaptive behaviours and emotional instability using various forms of therapy. Some clients require regular meetings with each while other clients only visit a psychiatrist for their initial diagnosis. We offer access to both in all of our treatment programs.
Therapy and Continuing Care
Samarpan uses therapy to treat a wide range of conditions. The versatility of psychotherapy also makes it an essential part of continuing care. Therapeutic techniques can help facilitate family involvement in the recovery process. Family therapy strengthens and repairs relationships to ensure a healthier family dynamic during long-term recovery. In addition, therapy often helps clients feel more comfortable with their ability to manage challenges in everyday life. Samarpan encourages clients to use therapy and psychiatric support as tools for growth and healing.
Psychiatrists and therapists provide essential support services for individuals recovering from substance use or mental health disorders. However, they have very different education, training, and focus regarding mental health. Psychiatrists are medically trained and can prescribe medication. Psychologists, clinician therapists, or professional counsellors have training that focuses on mental health and the connection between thoughts, beliefs, and behaviours. The distinct differences in their training make both psychiatry and psychology valuable support resources. People in recovery often participate in psychiatry sessions for diagnosis and prescription medication while simultaneously attending therapy sessions with a psychologist. At Samarpan, clients control which types of treatment they have in their care plan. To learn more about our treatment programs, call us at +91 81809 19090