Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar disorder, previously recognized as manic-depressive illness or manic depression, is a complex mental health condition marked by significant mood swings, including emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). These mood shifts can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior, and the ability to think clearly. Bipolar depression disorder symptoms can vary. Episodes of mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year. While most individuals will experience some emotional symptoms between episodes, some may not experience any.

Let’s gain insight into bipolar disorder treatment and symptoms. 

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are several types of bipolar disorder, each presenting unique patterns in symptoms:

Bipolar I Disorder

This subtype is most notable for its severe manic episodes lasting at least seven days, or severe enough to require immediate hospital care. Depressive episodes typically occur as well, generally lasting at least two weeks. A phenomenon known as rapid cycling can occur in some cases, characterized by four or more episodes of mania or depression within a year.

Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar II is defined by a combination of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, which are less intense than the manic episodes seen in Bipolar I.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Also known as cyclothymia, this form is distinguished by periods of hypomanic symptoms intermixed with periods of depressive symptoms. These symptoms are less severe and shorter in duration than those seen in full hypomanic or depressive episodes.

Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders

This category is used for bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three previously mentioned categories.

Bipolar Depression Disorder Symptoms:

Individuals with bipolar disorder may go through episodes of intense emotions, changes in sleep habits and energy levels, and behaviors that are out of character for them. These episodes, known as ‘mood episodes,’ can have harmful consequences even if the person affected does not realize it. Mood episodes are distinguishable from the person's usual moods and behaviors. Symptoms for bipolar depression  persist throughout the day during an episode and can extend for days or even weeks.

Manic Episodes

  • Elevated mood or extreme irritability
  • Increased activity, energy, or agitation
  • Exaggerated sense of well-being and self-confidence (euphoria)
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making — for example, going on buying sprees, taking sexual risks, or making foolish investments. 

Depressive Episodes

    • Depressed mood, such as feeling sad, empty, hopeless, or tearful (in children and teens, depressed mood can appear as irritability)
    • Marked loss of interest or feeling no pleasure in all — or almost all — activities
    • Significant weight loss when not dieting, weight gain, or decrease or increase in appetite
    • Insomnia or excessive sleeping
    • Either restlessness or slowed behavior
    • Fatigue or loss of energy
    • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
    • Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness
    • Thinking about, planning, or attempting suicide

    Hypomanic Episodes

      • A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity or energy, lasting at least four consecutive days
      • Noticeable behavior changes that are uncharacteristic of the individual when not symptomatic.

      Mixed Features

      Individuals may experience symptoms of both mania and depression simultaneously, such as agitation, trouble sleeping, significant changes in appetite, psychosis, and suicidal thinking.

      Treatment and Management of Bipolar Disorder

      Effective management of bipolar disorder typically requires a combination of bipolar disorder medication and psychotherapy. Medications like mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medications, and sometimes antidepressants are commonly used. Bipolar depression medication is carefully selected to manage the depressive phases without triggering a manic episode.

      Therapeutic Approaches

        • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): Helps patients manage problematic thoughts and behaviors and develop better coping strategies.
        • Psychoeducation: Assists patients and their families in understanding the illness and recognizing signs of episodes early.
        • Family therapy: Improves family communication and support.

        Lifestyle and Home Remedies

          • Maintaining a routine
          • Monitoring moods
          • Developing a solid support system

          How Samarpan Recovery Can Help

          At Samarpan Recovery, we specialize in the comprehensive bipolar disorder medication, offering tailored therapeutic interventions in a supportive and understanding environment. Our expert team, equipped with advanced therapeutic modalities, ensures that each individual receives the personalized care they need.

          If you or someone you love is battling with the symptoms of bipolar disorder, Samarpan Recovery is here to help. Contact us today to start your journey towards stability and improved mental health. Rediscover your strength and live a balanced, fulfilling life with Samarpan Recovery's expert care.

          Frequently Answered Questions:

          What is bipolar disorder?

          Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition characterized by significant mood swings. These swings range from highs (mania or hypomania) to lows (depression), impacting an individual's sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior, and ability to think clearly.

          What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?

          Symptoms vary depending on the phase. During manic phases, symptoms include elevated mood, increased energy, reduced need for sleep, racing thoughts, and sometimes reckless behavior. During depressive phases, individuals may experience deep sadness, low energy, feelings of hopelessness, changes in appetite, and thoughts of suicide.

          How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?

          Diagnosis involves a detailed evaluation by a mental health professional, which includes a comprehensive psychiatric assessment, discussions about thoughts, feelings and behavior patterns, and sometimes a medical examination to rule out other causes.

          What are the types of bipolar disorder?

          The main types include Bipolar I Disorder, marked by severe manic episodes; Bipolar II Disorder, characterized by less intense manic episodes called hypomania and depressive episodes; and Cyclothymic Disorder, which involves milder symptoms of hypomania and depression.

          What treatment options are available for bipolar disorder?

          Bipolar disorder treatment usually involves a combination approach:

            • Medications: Mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medications, and sometimes antidepressants are used to control symptoms.
            • Psychotherapy: Techniques such as cognitive-behavioral therapy help manage symptoms and provide strategies to cope with life challenges.
            • Lifestyle adjustments and supportive therapies: Including establishing a routine, promoting regular sleep patterns, and psychoeducation for patients and families.

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