Trauma Disorders

At Samarpan Health, we understand that trauma disorders are complex and deeply impactful conditions that require specialized care and treatment. Trauma disorders are categorized under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as trauma- and stressor-related disorders. These conditions are triggered or exacerbated by traumatic events or experiences, leading to severe emotional and psychological distress.

Understanding Trauma Disorders

Trauma disorders can result in intense fear, extreme anxiety, stress, depression, and other negative emotions. Individuals may experience nightmares, flashbacks, and a range of behavioral changes, including anger, violent outbursts, social withdrawal, and loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities. These disorders can lead to significant repercussions in one's personal and professional life. However, with consistent and professional trauma therapy, individuals can manage and overcome these challenges.

Types of Trauma Disorders

There are several types of trauma disorders, each characterized by trauma as an underlying cause. Trauma is a subjective experience; what is traumatic for one person may not be for another. Common examples of trauma include abuse, neglect, witnessing violence, losing a loved one, car accidents, or sexual assault. The DSM-5 outlines criteria for five distinct trauma- and stressor-related disorders:

1. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a disorder that develops following a traumatic experience, such as witnessing a violent event or being assaulted. It causes flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and avoidance of anything reminiscent of the trauma. PTSD can significantly impair a person's life, making trauma focused therapy essential for recovery.

2. Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)

ASD is similar to PTSD but occurs shortly after the traumatic event and lasts for a shorter duration, typically between a few days and one month. Symptoms include intense fear, anxiety, and avoidance behaviors. If untreated, ASD can develop into PTSD.

3. Adjustment Disorders (AD)

Adjustment disorders occur in response to stressful or challenging life events, such as the death of a loved one or the end of a significant relationship. Symptoms include excessive stress, anxiety, and depression beyond what would be expected for the situation. There are six types of AD, categorized by the dominant symptoms, including anxiety, depression, or a combination of both, along with inappropriate behaviors.

4. Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)

RAD is a rare disorder seen in children who do not form healthy attachments to parents or caregivers due to neglect or unmet emotional needs. Symptoms include withdrawal, sadness, fear, and lack of engagement with others. Early trauma therapy is crucial for children with RAD to foster healthy emotional development.

5. Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED)

Similar to RAD, DSED affects children who have experienced neglect or trauma. While the symptoms are less severe than RAD, children with DSED may exhibit inappropriate social behaviors and difficulties in forming healthy relationships.

6. Other and Unspecified Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

These categories include individuals who display some symptoms of specific trauma disorders but do not meet all criteria for a specific diagnosis. In such cases, a psychiatrist may diagnose an unspecified trauma disorder if there is not enough information for a more specific diagnosis.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Trauma Disorders

Each trauma disorder has unique symptoms and diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-5. However, many trauma disorders share common symptoms, including:

  • Flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, and nightmares
  • Avoidance of trauma reminders
  • Depression and hopelessness
  • Extreme anxiety and fear
  • Feeling overwhelmed
  • Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
  • Social withdrawal
  • Emotional numbness and difficulty experiencing pleasure
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Appetite changes
  • Angry or violent outbursts
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Exaggerated startle response
  • Impulsive behaviors
  • Difficulty forming relationships
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors

Trauma Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing a trauma disorder involves a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, considering the individual's symptoms, history, and the impact of trauma on their life. Accurate trauma diagnosis is crucial for developing an effective treatment plan.

Trauma Therapy and Treatment Options

We offer a range of trauma therapy options to help individuals recover from traumatic experiences. Trauma focused therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), are proven effective in treating trauma disorders. These therapies help individuals process traumatic memories, reduce symptoms, and develop healthy coping mechanisms.

How to Heal from Trauma

Healing from trauma is a gradual process that involves various stages, including acknowledging the trauma, seeking professional help, and building resilience. Consistent trauma treatment can help individuals regain control over their lives and move towards recovery.

Trauma Recovery and Support

Trauma recovery requires a supportive environment and ongoing therapeutic intervention. Support groups, family therapy, and individual counseling are vital components of a comprehensive trauma treatment plan. At Samarpan Health, we provide personalized trauma recovery programs tailored to each individual's needs.

Importance of Trauma Focused Therapy

Trauma focused therapy is essential for addressing the deep-rooted impact of trauma. It helps individuals understand and process their traumatic experiences, reduce trauma symptoms, and improve overall mental health. By focusing on the specific needs of those affected by trauma, these therapies promote healing and resilience.


Trauma disorders are serious conditions that require professional intervention and consistent care. At Samarpan Health, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive trauma therapy and support to help individuals heal and recover from traumatic experiences. Understanding the types of trauma, recognizing trauma symptoms, and seeking

Frequently Answered Questions (FAQs)

1. What is a trauma disorder, and how does it differ from regular stress?

A trauma disorder is a type of mental health condition that arises from exposure to a traumatic event. Unlike regular stress, which is a common response to daily pressures and challenges, trauma disorders involve severe and persistent symptoms such as flashbacks, nightmares, and severe anxiety that interfere significantly with daily functioning.

Trauma disorders, such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), are triggered by experiences like abuse, accidents, or witnessing violence. These conditions require specialized trauma-focused therapy to manage and recover from their impact.

2. What are the common symptoms of trauma disorders?

Common symptoms of trauma disorders include:

  • Flashbacks and intrusive thoughts: Re-experiencing the traumatic event as if it is happening again.
  • Nightmares: Disturbing dreams related to the trauma.
  • Severe anxiety and fear: Constant feeling of being on edge.
  • Avoidance: Staying away from places, people, or activities that remind one of the trauma.
  • Emotional numbness: Difficulty experiencing positive emotions.
  • Depression: Persistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness.
  • Angry outbursts: Unexplained irritability or aggression.
  • Difficulty sleeping: Insomnia or restless sleep.
  • Trouble concentrating: Challenges in focusing or completing tasks.
3. How is trauma diagnosed?

Trauma is diagnosed through a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional. The process typically involves:

  • Clinical interviews: Discussing the individual’s symptoms, history, and the impact of trauma on their life.
  • Standardized questionnaires: Using tools such as the PTSD Checklist (PCL) or the Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI).
  • Diagnostic criteria: Assessing symptoms against the DSM-5 criteria for trauma and stressor-related disorders. The goal is to understand the severity and duration of symptoms to determine an accurate diagnosis and appropriate trauma treatment.
4. What types of therapy are effective for treating trauma disorders?

Effective therapies for treating trauma disorders include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): Helps individuals change negative thought patterns and behaviors associated with the trauma.
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): Involves processing traumatic memories through guided eye movements.
  • Prolonged exposure therapy: Encourages confronting trauma-related memories and situations in a controlled manner.
  • Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT): Specifically designed for children and adolescents to address trauma symptoms.

These therapies are designed to help individuals process and make sense of their traumatic experiences, reduce trauma symptoms, and improve overall mental health.

5. How can someone begin the process of trauma recovery?

The process of trauma recovery involves several steps:

  • Seeking professional help: Consulting with a mental health professional who specializes in trauma.
  • Engaging in therapy: Participating in recommended therapy sessions consistently.
  • Building a support system: Surrounding oneself with supportive friends, family, or support groups.
  • Practicing self-care: Incorporating activities that promote physical and emotional well-being, such as exercise, meditation, and healthy eating.
  • Setting realistic goals: Focusing on small, achievable goals to regain a sense of control and accomplishment.

Trauma recovery is a gradual process that requires time, patience, and persistence. With the right support and treatment, individuals can heal from trauma and lead fulfilling lives.

Enquire Now

psychotherapist counsellor in mumbai
therapist for mental health in mumbai
clinical and counseling psychologist in mumbai
mental health psychologist in mumbai
depression anxiety treatment in mumbai
internet gaming disorder in mumbai
Call us Whatsaap What we treat